Births usually peak in the dry season. The coat is generally short and shiny. [46] Herds are generally sedentary, and tend to migrate only under adverse conditions such as natural calamities. Red Hartebeest (Alcelaphus buselaphus caama) Ponalo Red Hartebeest ke phologolo e tona ya mmala oo botshibitswana le mokwatla oo elelang ka sefatlhego se se sesana ka boleele. Name . [28] Coke's hartebeest is moderately large, with a shorter forehead and longer tail in comparison to the other subspecies. The wildebeest have more specialised skull and horn features than the hartebeest. Copyright © 2000-2021 Dreamstime. Download royalty-free Red hartebeest (Alcelaphus buselaphus caama or Alcelaphus caama) lying on the ground in misty conditions. CITATION: Hoffman, L. C., Smit, K. & Muller, N. 2010. [7] The horns are also used during fights among males for dominance in the breeding season;[50] the clash of the horns is loud enough that it can be heard from hundreds of metres away. Video: 120304605 The females form groups of five to 12 animals, with four generations of young in the group. They are primarily grazers, with their diets consisting mainly of grasses. The degree of sexual dimorphism varies by subspecies. [57] Hartebeest can be infected with theileriosis due to Rhipicephalus evertsi and Theileria species. The members of a herd can be divided into four groups: territorial adult males, non-territorial adult males, young males, and the females with their young. There are only 2 recognised Hartebeest species (Alcelaphus) The Common Harteberest (Alcelaphus buselaphus) and the Lichtenstein's Hartebeest (Alcelaphus lichtensteinii). They are very alert and non-aggressive. [64] These unique abilities could have allowed the hartebeest to prevail over other animals millions of years ago, leading to its successful radiation in Africa. Apart from its long face, the large chest and the sharply sloping back differentiate the hartebeest from other antelopes. [12] However, this finding was not replicated by Alan W. Gentry of the Natural History Museum, who classified it as an independent species of Alcelaphus. Alcelaphus buselaphus caama, енгл. Another revelation was that the translocation of the individuals from the Senkele Wildlife Sanctuary in 1974 had not made a significant contribution to the gene pool of the Nechisar National Park. South Africa - Buy this stock photo and explore similar images at Adobe Stock [14] An MtDNA analysis could find no evidence to support a separate genus for Lichtenstein's hartebeest. [59] However, parasites are not always harmful – 252 larvae were found in the head of one Zambian individual without any pathogenicity. Alcelaphus buselaphus caama skull (dry) [no specific locality data] Africa: South Africa [no verbatim date data] (1700-01-01 - 1910-10-27) BerkeleyMapper Use ctrl+scroll wheel on your mouse or double click to zoom in on the map to see coordinate uncertainty. 'S e seòrsa antalop no gobhar-fhiadhaich[4] a tha ann an Alcelaphus caama . An analysis using phylogeographic patterns within hartebeest populations suggested a possible origin of Alcelaphus in eastern Africa. [41] The red hartebeest is a reddish-brown, with a dark face. In 1963, a congregation of 10,000 animals was recorded on the plains near Sekoma Pan in Botswana. From New Latin alcelaphus, from Latin alces (“ elk ”) + New Latin elaphus (“ deer ”), from Ancient Greek ἔλαφος (élaphos, “ red deer ”), q.v. [9], The scientific name of the hartebeest is Alcelaphus buselaphus. Eastern Cape. alcelaphus buselaphus caama pronunciation with translations, sentences, synonyms, meanings, antonyms and more. 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