[9][10], The question of succession after al-Sadiq's death was the cause of division among Shi’a who considered his eldest son, Isma'il (who had reportedly died before his father) to be the next Imam, and those who believed his third son Musa al-Kadhim was the imam. After a short stay in Baghdad, however, he convinced the Caliph that he was not a threat, and was allowed to return to Medina. [11][12], Ja'far al-Sadiq was born in Medina either in 17th of Rabi-al-Awwal 83 AH (702 AD) or 80/699–700. Tafsir Imam Jafar as-Sadiq refers to a collection of hadiths reportedly narrated Jafar al-Sadiq that comment on the verses of the Quran. original research in Arabic, Persian and English-language scholarly references. Therefore, the best of them is the one who is nicer to others and does his best to resolve their needs. Read Jafar Name Meaning In English جعفر نام کا شمار لڑکوں کے ناموں میں ہوتا ہے۔ Then he married Asma bint Umays, a sister of Maymunah who was later to become a wife of the Prophet. Al-Sadiq expressed a moderate view between compulsion (Jabr), and giving the choice to man (Tafviz), stating that God decreed some things absolutely, but left some others to human agency. Al-Sadiq is presented as one who denounces personal opinion (Raʾy) and analogical reasoning (qiās) of his contemporaries arguing that God's law is occasional and unpredictable, and that the servants' duty is not to embark on reasoning in order to discover the law, but to submit to the inscrutable will of God as revealed by the imam. [2][20] Taqiyya was a form of religious dissimulation,[37] or a legal dispensation whereby a believing individual can deny their faith while they are in fear or at risk of significant persecution. [2], Ja'far was reportedly a companion or even teacher of Sunni Imam Abu Hanifah and Malik ibn Anas,[5][2] who in turn was a teacher of Sunni Imam Ash-Shafi‘i,[42][43]:121 who in turn was a teacher of Sunni Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal. [36] Various versions of his will, and a number of collections of legal dicta, are attributed to him as well. [22] When he died in 25th of Shawwal or 15th Rajab [1] 148/765 at the age of 64 or 65, many Shi'i sources suspected that he was poisoned at the behest of Mansur. [2][9], Toward the end of his life, he was subject to some harassment by the Abbasid caliphs. [8] After the death of Ja'far al-Sadiq, his following fractured further, with the larger group, who came to be known as the Twelvers, following his younger son Musa al-Kadhim. The name Jabr, meaning ‘to mend or to coerce’ has a poetic flow and a lovely sound, making it perfect for a young boy. [18] Al-Sadiq also did not support the rebellion led by his cousin, Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyyah, who was inspired by Kaysanites. [10] According to Sa'id Akhtar Rizvi, Al-Sadiq preached against slavery. [a] Al-Sadiq was the first of the Shi'ite Imams to be descended from both Abu Bakr, the first ruler of the Rashidun Caliphate, and Ali, the first Imam. The governor of Medina was instructed by the Caliph to burn down his house, an event which reportedly did al-Sadiq no harm. It may also be transliterated Jafar, Jaffar or Jafer or Jaffer or in Egyptian Arabic pronunciation, gafar. ", "Allah Almighty has said: people are dear to me like family. [38] In other words, Taqiyya says that it is acceptable to hide one's true opinions if by revealing them, one puts oneself or others in danger. Copyright 2011-2021 QuranicNames.com. Jafar Name Meaning is Variant Of Jafar Rivulet. To Sunnis, he is a major figure in the Hanafi and Maliki schools of Sunni jurisprudence and was a teacher of the Sunni scholars Abu Hanifah and Malik ibn Anas,[5] a transmitter of hadiths, therefore a prominent jurist for Sunnis,[2] and a mystic to Sufis. He studied Arabic and the Islamic sciences in the UAE for a number of years and was a licensed khateeb at the age of 17. "[21] Practicing Taqiyya also had an esoteric significance for those who believed that their teachings should not be comprehensible to ordinary Ulama, and so hid their more profound teachings. [31], According to Tabatabai upon hearing the news of al-Sadiq's death, Mansur wanted to put an end to the Imamate. Madelung, W., The Sources of Ismāīlī Law, The University of Chicago Press, Journal of Near Eastern Studies, Vol. After the death of Musa al-Kazim, the majority of his followers recognized his son Ali al-Ridha as the eighth imam, while others believed that al-Kazim had been the last imam. However, the governor found that al-Sadiq had chosen four people rather than one: Mansur himself, the governor, the Imam's oldest son Abdullah al-Aftah, and Musa al-Kazim, his younger son. ", "One of the deeds Allah Almighty appreciates the most is making his pious servants happy. While is as apparent in these writings that Ja'far al-sadiq was regarded as a founding figure in Sufism, the historical situation is more difficult to ascertain. This assertion was widely adopted afterwards and was called "al-amr bayn al-amrayn" which meant" neither predestination nor delegation but a position between the two. See more ideas about jafar, imam ali, imam hassan. [33], Shia jurisprudence became known as Ja'fari jurisprudence after Ja'far al-Sadiq, whose legal dicta were the most important source of Shia law. [8] As the founder of Ja'fari jurisprudence, al-Sadiq also elaborated the doctrine of Nass (divinely inspired designation of each Imam by the previous Imam) and Ismah (the infallibility of the imams), as well as that of Taqiyyah. Other pronunciations are acceptable. He said that "The Book of God comprises four things: the statement set down, the implied purport, the hidden meanings, relating to the supra-sensible world, and the exalted spiritual doctrines." MP3 1.2 MB 2019-05-02 . ", "Charity is the Zakat (alms) of blessings, intercession is the Zakat of dignity, illnesses are the Zakat of bodies, forgiveness is the Zakat of victory, and the thing whose Zakat is paid is safe from taking (by Allah). Jafar name is 2 and also find similar names. Adopted Taqiyyah as a threat by the Abbasid revolution had overthrown the Umayyad Caliphate, it against... Believe that Isma'il had not actually died, but would reappear as Mahdi, the best of them is son! 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