In this chapter, the authors focus on the future of botanical pesticides with special references to agriculture. (Biobit), a synthetic insecticide (Karate 2.5 EC) and an untreated control (water only). The yield loss varies from season to season and from location to location. Three application of six botanical. leaf extract @ 5.0 %, neem cake extract @ 5.0 %, neem oil @ 2.0 %, Nimbecidine ® @ 2 ml /lit, Pongamia glabra Linn. Res. Response of different aubergine cultivars against brinjal shoot and fruit borer (Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee.) Several plant extracts were evaluated against obliquebanded leafroller larvae to determine potential toxicity and antifeedant effects. T3: Ata leaf extract, T4: Neem leaf extract, T5: Tobacco leaf extract, T6: Mahogony seed extract, T7: Aktara 25 WG and T8: Control. It results in drooping of leaves and shedding of Brinjal Fruit and Shoot Borer (BFSB)Leucinodes orbonalis Management. Percent shoot infestation reduction ov, Means followed by common letter(s) in a column do not differ sig, was the highest inmahogany oil + mahogany cake (86.70%, 85.08% and 85.50%), Application of trap and peak neem afforded 47.70% pro, Table 2. Among crops, the total global potential loss due to pests varied from about 50% in wheat to more than 80% in cotton production. Data were collected on total number of shoot, total number of infested shoot, percentage of shoot damage, percentage of shoot infestation reduction, numbers of larvae per infested shoot, total number of fruit, percentage of fruit damage, percentage of fruit infestation reduction, numbers of larvae per infested fruit. Eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB), Leucinodes orbonalis, is the most damaging pest of eggplant in South and Southeast Asia. ), Zonocerus variegatus L., Eulioptera sp., Urentius hystericellus (Richter) and Phaneroptera nana (Stal.). There was positive correlation with fruit yield (q/acre) and positive and non significant correlation with number of primary branches/plant with r-value 0.661and 0.319, respectively. INTRODUCTION The Obliquebanded leafroller, Choristoneura rosaceana (Harris), is a tortricid moth with a wide host range including woody plants in the Rosaceae as well as Ulmus, Populus, Quercus, Betula, and Tilia [1]. The females lay approximately 250 eggs one by one on developing fruits and young shoots of eggplant. Systematic Position: Phylum – Arthropoda Class – Insecta ADVERTISEMENTS: Order – Lepidoptera Family – Pyraustidae ADVERTISEMENTS: Genus – Leucinodes Species – orbonalis Distribution: In India this pest enjoy a country wide distribution. The standard check, carbaryl (Sevin 50 WP) @ 0.1% and an untreated check were included. Shoot and fruit borer, is the most destructive pest of brinjal. The effect of each treatment on insect abundance, defoliators, shoot, bud and fruit borers were determined. It is regarded as one of the key pests of brinjal. Gupta, R. C. and N. P. Singh. This suggests that neem seed extract and Biobit had little or no systemic action against shoot and bud borers of the crop in the field. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research, Identification of suitable Trichogramma sp. Estimates on potential and actual losses despite the current crop protection practices are given for wheat, rice, maize, potatoes, soybeans, and cotton for the period 2001–03 on a regional basis (19 regions) as well as for the global total. Female starts eggs laying on the same day or a day after mating. Biology, Brinjal, Shoot and fruit borer . 43(3): 431-440, September 2018-1) was achieved in the mahogany oil + mahogany cake treated plot with the highest benefit cost ratio (2.35). It is an internal borer which damages the tender shoots and fruits. Bioefficacy. A pot experiment was carried out at the germplasm centre, Agrotechnology Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna during February 2014 to August 2014. Significantly fewer (p < 0.05) numbers of predators mainly ants and ladybird beetles were collected from plants treated with Karate compared to either ANSE- or Biobit- treated plots. Overall, weeds produced the highest potential loss (34%), with animal pests and pathogens being less important (losses of 18 and 16%). Regional differences in efficacy are outlined. Conclusion Brinjal Shoot and Fruit Borer is serious pest of brinjal. The caterpillar bores into young growing shoots, Petioles, midrib of leaves and fruits leaving no sign of entry. leaf extract @ 5.0 %, Vitex negundo L. leaf extract @ 5.0 %, and garlic (Allium sativum Linn.) p>The study was conducted to evaluate the effect of botanicals namely neem leaf extract, neem oil, mahogany oil, mahogany oil + mahogany cake, garlic extract, tobacco leaf extract along with an untreated control to manage brinjal shoot and fruit borer (BSFB). Farmers are currently using too many pesticides and applying them too frequently to control EFSB. Species: Leucinodes orbonalis (Guenne, 1854) Common Name: Brinjal fruit and shoot borer Damaging Stage: Larvae Crops Afected: Eggplant Characteristics Damage: Attacks flowers, flower buds, young shoot tips, stems and fruits. �[�R�b����Ho,�4!�XU�$J�5@UtUu[�Jk�3����jv�`��fS����0�?M��Z��il�T!9/yk�0 LK~�~Rp�'��*e]��`!|�az�'���TNֳ�I=Y%&1�5++������e��9��1�}�ቪIp�N��zz������lV��sq�mh�n�Z�: w}��Q+�~�16F����fX�� oW#�f���N�k&J��ވ��E�l�0��Mvj�̭kusyvpFM����C�15���d�3����q� �LV��g.6���{t��'��)�Ar*����R&�Bqb:��F�����凭�_|2�Qmr��D7�'�I~p�LBc�E��"av�Z�C�T_d� ��Tͣ1�1��'��@e�@�Gc�3b`�{�� x�A�~ڌ������(T���|(�� >���� Like any other solana-ceous vegetables, brinjal has a diverse pest complex, but the most serious is the shoot and fruit borer (SFB), Leu- Infestation of brinjal shoot and fruit borer to fruit rose by 10.2I% in number and 9.72% in weight in untreated plots.There was a significant variation of per cent reduction of brinjal shoot and fruit borer infested fruit among the different treatments at 2 nd application after fruit setting. H. lupulus and Arctium lappa extracts were deleterious to larvae in each of the bioassay methods conducted, exhibiting toxic, developmental, and antifeedant effects. There was no association between fruit colour and high SOS. was evaluated at National Agriculture Research Centre, Islamabad during 2007-08 and 2008-09. leaf extract @ 5.0 %, Lantana camera Linn. In Himachal Pradesh, among 27 different insect species and one mite species reported to be associated with brinjal crop (Patial and Mehta, 2008), shoot and fruit borer, L. �ֆ��_&L6mn�u%K͞j�ue蚂���5c�Й���E��-̈�_������W���g�:V|,�1�J^�F��. The results reflected different levels of infestation in all cultivars by the pest. Accession means for total phenolics content averaged over years ranged from 0.74 to 1.43 g/100 g dry weight basis, although differences were not statistically significant due to a large accession–year interaction mean square. management of brinjal shoot and fruit borer. %PDF-1.7 These results are in accordance with the observations of [11] who reported the mean incubation period of 3.66 days on brinjal. Joydebpur, Gazipur, Bangladesh: BARI. The plant products were moderately effective compared to the standard check, carbaryl. Water traps were used to monitor the effect of the three products on the abundance of insect fauna associated with crop. Studies on bioefficacy of insecticides against brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee on brinjal were carried out during 2007 and 2008. The SOSm and SOSw produced similar results, evidenced by the highly significant linear correlation (0.79**) between the two assays. of Brinjal causing losses up to 65%. This indicates that Karate had adverse effects on beneficial insects in the garden egg ecosystem. The SOSm and SOSw were positively correlated with dry matter content (r=0.65** and r=0.80**, respectively) and total phenolics content (r=0.44** and r=0.43**, respectively) and negatively correlated with fruit weight (r=−0.58** and r=−0.67**, respectively). 2 0 obj Management of Brinjal Shoot and Fruit Borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee, with Selected Insecticides Percentage of brinjal shoot and fruit borer infestation of selected brinjal varieties/lines at different ages: The percentage of brinjal shoot and fruit borer (BSFB) infestation of different brinjal varieties/lines at different plant ages has been presented . A negatively significant correlation was found between fruit infestation and plant height (r = – 0.716), crown hair density (r = – 0.672) while the correlations of leaf hair density (r = – 0.623), and leaf area (r = – 0.613), was also significant and negative but not so strong. Larval feeding causes wilting of shoots and fruit rotting. (Journal of the Ghana Science Association: 2001 3(3): 70-84). Biology of a brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guen. The percent shoot infestation reduction over control was the highest in mahogany oil + mahogany cake treated plot resulting 62.39%, 64.44%, 67.86% and 71.05% reduction at vegetative stage and early, mid and late fruiting stage, respectively. All rights reserved. Botanicals are moderate in their efficacy in reducing the fruit borer damage in brinjal. Productivity of crops grown for human consumption is at risk due to the incidence of pests, especially weeds, pathogens and animal pests. Performance of Aqueous Neem Seed Extract (ANSE) at 75 g/L of water (22.5 kg/ha) was evaluated on Legon I variety of local garden egg in the field. The incidence of the pest is sporadic and outbreaks every year throughout the country as well as in the Indian sub-continent (Dhankar, 1988). However, pesticide use has enabled farmers to modify production systems and to increase crop productivity without sustaining the higher losses likely to occur from an increased susceptibility to the damaging effect of pests. ), Acraea pharsalus pharsalus (Ward. At times, entire crops can be lost. Due to azinphos-methyl resistance, population densities of this pest have increased in commercial apple growing regions in the Eastern United States [5]. VI: 339-343: 2014 AN INTERNATIONAL QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES www.theecoscan.in SEASONAL INCIDENCE OF SHOOT AND FRUIT BORER (LEUCINODES ORBONALIS G.) ON BRINJAL IN RELATION TO WEATHER PARAMETERS IN HYPER ARID REGION OF RAJASTHAN A. K. Meena et al., KEYWORDS Brinjal … Treatment Common name Trade name Manufacturer Dose T1 Spinosad Tracer 240SC Dow Agrosciences 60ml/acre (148.26 ml/ ha) T2 Flubendiamide Belt 48SC Bayer Cropscience 50ml/acre (74.13 ml/ha) T3 … The losses caused by various pests were estimated to … Environmental differences between the 2 years influenced expression of SOSm, but the ranking of accessions for SOSm activity was very consistent between years. Benefit Cost Ratio of brinjal production, Means followed by common letter(s) in a colu, of brinjal shoot and fruit borer (BSFB) to en. Despite a clear increase in pesticide use, crop losses have not significantly decreased during the last 40 years. Among the various insecticides evaluated against brinjal shoot and fruit borer (L. orbonalis), Emamectin benzoate 5 SG @ 12.5g a.i./ha treated plots showed lowest infestation and gave higher fruit yield (253.12) followed by Flubendiamide 480 SC (2 49.33) and Novaluron 10 EC (2 43.63). Bangladesh J. Agril. J. Bangladesh Agril. Its lar-vae feed inside eggplant fruit, making the fruit unmarketable and unfit for human consumption (Fig. T1: Tamarind fruit extract, T2: Bon kolmi leaf extract, while minimum was observed in Nirala with 24.75 and 21.57% fruit infestation during 2007-08 and 2008-09, respectively. insecticides and one chemical viz; cypermethrin 25 EC (0.006%), Neem oil (4%), NSKE (5%), Pongamia oil (5ml/lit), Iluppai oil (2%), Garlic bulb extract (4%), Tobacco leaf extract (3leaf/lit) were evaluated against shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis. 2009. x��=�r����?L�LY���$u��}.�sI�٭�$EI��H-E��>���_.��`8�,�m�U��������_ow���|W��/���f���Y�������pw�x�vv�\�v�������\����l�����7���|��*+��4JU! There are different types of management for the control of this insect. The larva of brinjal shoot and fruit borer burrows into the petioles and tender shoots. on kharif season brinjal [Solanum melongena (L.)] under field condition." Use of neem leaf extract was highly effective to reduce the shoot and fruit infestation as well as to get higher yield. ), which attacked the shoots and fruits, the bud borer (budworm) Scrobipalpa blapsigona (Meyrick), which oviposited into the buds and the feeding activities of the larvae, led to the abortion of buds, Pachnoda cordata (Drury) which scraped and chewed stem and shoot and defoliators comprising Acraea peneleos peneleos (Ward. Furthermore, average female and male pupal weight was reduced for lea-frollers that fed on diet treated with each of the individually-tested extracts at a 4 % concentration (w/w). The brinjal fruit and shoot borer (BSFB), Leucinodes orbonalis is one of the most serious pests . have been studied during both the years under laboratory condition. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. ADVERTISEMENTS: Brinjal Shoot and Fruit Borer (Leucinodes Orbonalis): Distribution, Life Cycle and Control! Agricultural Research Institute, Joydebpur, Gazipur, Bangla, Rath, L. K. and B. K. Maity. New Airport Road, Farmgate, Dhaka 1215. http://www.fao.org Retrived on 25 February, 2014). They were: Azadirachta indica A. Juss. The plant products were moderately effective against fruit damage too. Among the various pests and diseases of brinjal, the brinjal fruit and shoot borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee creates huge losses and is a huge menace to the brinjal production throughout the world. Results have shown that the minimum shoot infestation was found in BARI begun-6 (29.60%, 32.40%, 29.86% and 29.38%, respectively at four different stages of eggplant). Percent of fruit infestation was minimum in V4 (BARI begun-6) (25.16%, 27.42% and 25.40% at three stages respectively). The number of larvae per infested fruit was similarly lowest having 1.50, 1.06 and 1.07 at early, mid and late fruiting stage, respectively using the same approach. Russell IPM Manufacture and supplies natural products . Gangwan and Sachan (1981) reported 26.3 to 22.5 per cent fruit damage due to this pest, which may go as high as 20 to 92 per cent in Kharif season (Singh, 1983). Content available from Md. Minimum percent of shoot infestation, percent fruit infestation and B:C ratio were observed in cypermethrin 25 EC with (5.980%, 6.280% and 1:5.25) respectively. Key words: Integrated nutrient management, INM, Brinjal, Solanaceous vegetables. p>The main purpose of this study was to find out the best variety of brinjal having resistance to BSFB. Karate and ANSE significantly (p < 0.05) reduced population levels of some major pests such as P. cordata and Z. variegatus than Biobit. <> Although ANSE could not effectively control the shoot and bud borers as Karate, it performed better in reducing borer damage than either Biobit or control. In spite of its popularity among small and resource-poor farmers, brinjal cultivation is often input-intensive, espe-cially for insecticide applications. R. Br. Karate and ANSE also significantly (p < 0.05) reduced percentage fruit damage, number of borers per fruit and the activities of leaf feeders. Shoot and fruit borer is the most serious pest of brinjal. brinjal shoot and fruit borer on ‘Neelkanth’ varied from 3-5 days with a mean duration of 3.72±0.27 days (Table 1) whereas, on 'Pusa Purple Long' the incubation period varied from 3-5 days with a mean duration of 3.51±0.31days (Table 2). The mean number of L. orbonalis and S. blapsigona in the shoots and buds, respectively were significantly higher (p > 0.05) on plots treated with ANSE and Biobit than Karate. metric tonnes of brinjal which is grown on > 500,000 ha. 16(2): 227-231, August 2018 Between the two species the per cent parasitism was higher in T. chilonis compared to T. evanescens, i.e., 68.0 and 75.6 per cent, and 55.9 and 72.6 per cent in dosages @ 100000 and 150000/ha, respectively. Lower infested shoot and fruits (0.33 and 2.3 plant 1, respectively) and percentage (2.2 and 9.3%, respectively) were also found in T4 while infested fruits weight and its percentage had also lower (0.25 kg plant 1 and 9.3%, respectively) in T . In Pakistan farmers mostly rely on the chemicals to control pests. Crop Protection :: Pests of Brinjal : Crop: Brinjal: Scientific name: Solanum melongena Family: Solanaceae Shoot and fruit borer: Stem borer: Hadda / spotted beetle The correlation of different morphological plant characters with fruit infestation indicated very strong and negative correlation between fruit infestation and leaf trichomes, stem thickness and stem hair density. 2005. Two main aspects of botanical pesticides , one search and exploitation of new botanicals as pesticides including isolation, identification and evaluation of the active components and another use of botanicals in agriculture in different forms like direct spray applications of the various plant materials, soil amendments for different plant parts, intercropping of biologically active plants with the main crop, botanical grain protectants, use of botanical based synthetic pesticidal formulations and also use of botanicals as synergists/ binders for synthetic pesticides. Protection of shoot and fruit borer had higher over control 4 (92.5 and 91.3%, respectively) and fruit yield increment over control had higher (61.7%) in T4. It is a major and regular pest of brinjal causing damage to even 30 -50% of fruits or more. 37 Full PDFs related to this paper. Outcome of intercropping garlic with brinjal for the small holder farmers of Bangladesh. Often minor crop losses are economically acceptable; however, an increase in crop productivity without adequate crop protection does not make sense, because an increase in attainable yields is often associated with an increased vulnerability to damage inflicted by pests. V2=BARI begun-4, V3=BARI begun-5, V4=BARI begun-6, V5=BARI begun-7, V6=BARI begun-8, V7=BARI begun-9, V8=BARI begun-10, V9=Makra, V10=Muktokashi, V11=Lalita, V12=Hazra, V13=Chaga. Resistance to organophophates is also becoming prevalent in Canada [6, 7]. Cultivar Naeelam showed maximum fruit infestation (58.60 and 48.09%) followed by Black long (47.93 and 33.31%). The polyphagous larvae are primarily foliage feeders, but are also known to feed on and damage apple fruit [3]. Leucinodes orbonalis, the eggplant fruit and shoot borer or brinjal fruit and shoot borer, is a moth species in the genus Leucinodes.It is found in the tropics of Asia, and it is a minor pest in the Americas.Furthermore, it has been intercepted in imports of Solanaceae fruits from Asia and has been taken at light in the UK presumably as an result of such importations. The yield loss varies from season to season and from location to location. 1). The lowest number of larvae per infested shoot was recorded 1.10 and 1.08 in the same treatment at early and mid fruiting stage, respectively but notat vegetative stage and late fruiting stages. leaf extract @ 5.0 %, Calotropis gigantea. Evaluation of. <>/Metadata 225 0 R/ViewerPreferences 226 0 R>> Mating has been observed on the same day or a day after emergence. Effect of selected botanicals on brinjal yield, Table 5. Among biotic factors, eggplant shoot and fruit borer (ESFB) (Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee) is considered by far the most damaging pest of eggplant (Taylo et al., 2016). <>/ExtGState<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 16 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 594.96 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Healthy seedlings were, field spraying five grams of wheel powder was added to increase its adhesiveness, applied as foliar sprays starting after 20 days of transplanting and repeated, operations were accomplished for better g, Harvesting of fruits was started at 60 days after transplanting and continued up to, damage, percentage reduction of fruits infestation, numbers of larvae per i, fruits, cost of production, gross return and bene, fruiting stage, the highest (64.44%) percent shoot infestation reduction over, lowest (27.63%) in the garlic extract applied p, Table 1. Mostofa Kamal. With proper timing and innovative methods of application, aqueous neem seed extract can be used as alternative or supplement to synthetic insecticide for the management of vegetable pests of local garden eggs by resource poor farmers. Incorporation of Bifora radians and H. lupulus into diet deterred larval feeding at a 1 % concentration by weight. brinjal shoot and fruit borer is also native to India due to its monophagous nature. and working-out dosages for management of Brinjal Shoot and Fruit Borer under laboratory condition, Management of Brinjal Fruit and Shoot Borer (Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee) in Nepal, Plant Extract for the management of brinjal shoot and fruit borer (Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee), Managing infestation levels of major insect pests of garden eggs (Solanum integrifolium L.) with aqueousneem seed extracts, Bioefficacy of some plant products against brinjal fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee (Lepidoptera : Pyrallidae), Future of botanical pesticides in rice, wheat, pulses and vegetables pest management, Toxicity and Antifeedant Activity of Selected Plant Extracts Against Larval Obliquebanded Leafroller, Choristoneura rosaceana(Harris), Evaluation of flubendiamide as an IPM component for the management of brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee, Diversity in eggplant (Solanum melongena) for superoxide scavenging activity, total phenolics, and ascorbic acid. Protection of shoot and fruit borer had higher over control 4 (92.5 and 91.3%, respectively) and fruit yield increment over control had higher (61.7%) in T4. Among the all characters control treatment produced lower results in this study. Shoot and fruit borer, is the most destructive pest of brinjal. Mean number of larvae per infested shoo, material and overhead cost were recorded for all treatments on unit plot basis and, brinjal production for controlling brinja, Table 4. Which were followed by Neem oil (6.306%, 6.556% and 1:4.78) < NSKE (6.580%, 7.253% and 1:4.46) < Pongamia oil (7.346%, 7.273%, and 1:3.79) < Iluppai oil (7.656%, 7.793%, and 1:3.68) Garlic bulb extract (8.056%, 8.240% and 1:3.49) < Tobacco leaf extract (8.646%, 8.520% and 1:3.10) 1=BARI begun-1. The damages caused by BSFB reduce a great amount of yield and economical losses. These two extracts may be promising candidates for further development as botanical insecticides that could potentially substitute broad-spectrum synthetic neurotoxins for leafroller control. Univ. Introduction. Sufficient genetic diversity exists in S. melongena for SOS and total phenolics to justify evaluation of a larger number of accessions. Brinjal (Solanum melongena . India is bestowed with vast diversity of flora, fauna, soil and agro climatic conditions. %���� Percent fruit infestation reduction over co, larvae per infested shoot at early fr, (3.20) and the lowest in mahogany oil + mahogany cake (1.07) followed by neem, Table 3. The most economical and eco friendly means of management is IPM which helps to manage the insect in huge amount. stream Experiment consisted eight treatments viz. brinjal is severely infested by mites, Tetranychus sp ., aphids, Aphis gossypii Glover and whiteflies including Bemisia tabaci Guenee and Trialeurodes sp. Use of botanicals is now emerging as one of the important means to be used in protection of crop produce and the environment from pesticidal pollution, which is a global problem. Banarshi round during July to December 2015 at Central Research Farm, MDS Agriculture college Ambikapur (Chhattisgarh). endobj 3 0 obj Host range Brinjal, potato, other wild plants belonging to solanaceae, peas. An overview is given on different types of crop losses as well as on various methods of pest control developed during the last century. The efficacy of crop protection was higher in cash crops than in food crops. 4 0 obj This is a video clip produced by trainee of 3 days training on "communicating science through video presentations". The treatments were randomly assigned to each unit plot, MANAGEMENT OF BRINJAL SHOOT AND FRUIT BORER, Research Council (Anon., 2005). Among the plant products, neem oil was the best treatment both in Kharif (60.20 %) and Rabi (59.91 %) followed by Nimbecidine (57.42 %). extract @ 5.0 %. Brinjal fruit and shoot borer (BFSB) is a very important pest on brinjal and is one of the main impediments to brinjal production. The effect of ANSE was compared with a registered Bacillus thuringiensis Berl. The responses are estimated as losses of 26–29% for soybean, wheat and cotton, and 31, 37 and 40% for maize, rice and potatoes, respectively. 2002. Council (BARC). The experiment was laid out in CRD using thirteen varieties with five replications. An experiment was conducted at Research Field of Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Bangladesh from November 2011 to June 2012 to study the effect of plant extracts for the management of brinjal (Singhnath) shoot and fruit borer (Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee) following Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications. potato, tomato), mango, sweet potato and pea. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. The most diverse cluster VI had the second ranking genotypes with regard to fruit yield and quality but the fruit peel was almost devoid of anthocyanin pigment and these genotypes were most susceptible to the infestation of brinjal fruit and shoot borer (BCB-11, BCB-50). The plant products, neem oil, Nimbecidine, neem cake extract and C. gigantea were able to reduce the shoot damage by more than 50 percent during Kharif; Consistent effect was observed only for neem oil (57.29 %) and Nimbecidine (52.67 %) in Rabi crop. wheat, pulses and vegetables pest management. Totally, there were 21 unit plots. Neem cake extract (51.97 %) and C. gigantea (51.34 %) were also quite effective in Kharif crop reducing fruit damage by more than 50 percent. Percent shoot infestation reduction over control at different stages, . growth, yield, fruit quality, nutrient content and uptake, incidence of brinjal shoot and fruit borer (BSFB) as well as economics of brinjal and other Solanaceous vegetables. The larva of brinjal shoot and fruit borer burrows into the petioles and tender shoots. The pest is active in moderate climates throughout the year. The same treatment provided the highest fruit infestation reduction over control resulting 86.70%, 85.08% and 85.50% reduction at early, mid and late fruiting stage, respectively. Similarly, shoot infestation was found maximum in Naeelam (43.15 and 33.75%) followed by Kanha-091 (37.72 and 28.73 %) and Nirala was found to be least attacked by the pest showing 19.27 and 15.81% shoot infestation during 2007-08 and 2008-09, respectively. Brinjal is one of the important vegetable crops grown in India and all throughout the world. Of botanical pesticides with Special references to Agriculture * * ) between the two assays and H. into... Is a major and regular pest of brinjal other wild plants belonging to solanaceae, peas to higher! And pea compared with a registered Bacillus thuringiensis Berl Vitex negundo L. leaf @... Can also attacks other crops such as other solanaceae ( e.g - 0376: Special issue Vol! In all cultivars by the highly significant linear correlation ( 0.79 * * ) between the assays. In moderate climates throughout the U.S.A. and Canada [ 6, 7 ] incorporation of Bifora and. Of different aubergine cultivars against brinjal shoot and fruit borer damage in brinjal botanicals! Grown for human consumption ( Fig between the 2 years influenced expression of SOSm, but the of... Pest of brinjal having resistance to organophophates is also becoming prevalent in Canada 4! Organophophates is also becoming prevalent in Canada [ 4 ] Srilanka,,. Losses due to these harmful organisms can be substantial and may be promising candidates for further as. Espe-Cially for insecticide applications rely on the same day or a day after emergence concentration... Apple grow-ing regions throughout the U.S.A. and Canada [ 4 ] compared to the standard check, carbaryl,. Applying them too frequently to control EFSB and 48.09 % ) followed by Black long ( and! Growing shoots, petioles, midrib of leaves and fruits was higher in crops. Followed by Black long ( 47.93 and 33.31 % ) insect pests of the three products the... To … biology, brinjal cultivation is often input-intensive, espe-cially for insecticide applications evaluated against obliquebanded leafroller to! Airport Road, Farmgate, Dhaka 1215. http: //www.fao.org Retrived on 25 February, 2014 ) insect,... Eulioptera sp., Urentius hystericellus ( Richter ) and Phaneroptera nana ( Stal ). Effective to reduce the shoot and fruit borer: Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee. ) 43 ( 3:... 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